Using 3D X-ray technology to detect illegal wildlife trafficking

Frontiers in Conservation Science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.57950″ width=”800″ height=”438″/>

Example of segmentation using scanned CT images of wildlife for algorithm development to produce grayscale images. Color 3D images are used for visualization only; image segmentations are calculated directly from the reconstructed radio intensity values ​​in grayscale. (A) Australian water dragon (Intellagama lesueurii) under metal frying pan, (B) Barramundi fish (Lates calcarifer) in mock test case scenario with metal toy car, sock and water bottle, (C) Rainbow Lori parrot (Trichoglossus moluccanus) three up to a liter water bottle. Credit: Frontiers in Conservation Science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.57950

An article titled “Detection of illegal wildlife trafficking through real-time tomography 3D X-ray imaging and automated algorithms” was published. Frontiers in Conservation Sciencewas the first in the scientific literature to document the use of 3D X-ray CT scanning technology for wildlife conservation.

This research is the result of detection and protection institutions; The Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF), the Department of Climate Change, Energy, Environment and Water (DCCEEW), Rapiscan Systems and the Australian Taronga Conservation Society are joining forces to combat illegal wildlife smuggling through mail and passenger baggage routes.

Chris Locke, Assistant Secretary of the Biosafety and Compliance group at DAFF and Sam Hush, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environmental Compliance at DCCEEW, said the paper, published in the Frontiers in Conservation Science Journal of Human-Wildlife Interactions, provides the results reported for three classes of wildlife (for example, lizards, birds and fish) in 3D X-ray CT security scan images.

Dr. “Illegal wildlife trafficking poses a significant biosecurity risk for Australia, as it can introduce pests and diseases that can affect the environment and human and animal health,” Locke said. Said.

“This article demonstrates the limitless potential of the 3D X-ray algorithm to help stop the trade in exotic wildlife, protect Australia’s agricultural industries and its unique natural environment from exotic pests and diseases.

“This innovative technology is an invaluable complementary platform to our existing biosecurity and wildlife detection tools at Australian international borders, with potential applications worldwide in the future.”

Mr Hush said wildlife smuggling is also harmful to Australia’s biodiversity.

“Taking animals from the wild poses risks to species conservation, local populations, habitats and ecosystems, and preventing wildlife from being smuggled into Australia protects our unique natural environment from exotic pests and diseases,” Hush said.

“It is also extremely cruel. Smuggling animals often suffer from stress, thirst or hunger, and many die in transit.

“We are working with DAFF to test and validate wildlife 3D X-ray and algorithms, both of which have proven very effective and could lead to a number of key detections.”


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More information:
Vanessa Pirotta et al, Detection of illegal wildlife trafficking through real-time tomography 3D X-ray imaging and automated algorithms, Frontiers in Conservation Science (2022). DOI: 10.3389/fcosc.2022.57950

Provided by the Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry

Quotation: Using 3D X-ray technology to detect illegal wildlife trafficking (2022, 23 September), on 23 September 2022 https://phys.org/news/2022-09-3d-x-ray-technology-illegal-wildlife taken from. .html

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